Learned Publishing Volume 28 No 3 July 2015
Editorial: Twenty-five shades of grey
New ways of building, showcasing, and measuring scholarly reputation
David NICHOLAS, Tomsk State University; Eti HERMAN, Hamid JAMALI, CIBER Research Ltd; Blanca RODRÍGUEZ-BRAVO, Universidad de León; Cherifa BOUKACEM-ZEGHMOURI, Université de Lyon; Tom DOBROWOLSKI, University of Warsaw and Stephanie POUCHOT, Haute école de gestion de Genève
ABSTRACT. The article reports on a study of the views and actions of nearly a hundred scholars – mostly academic researchers from four European countries and four disciplines – in regard to scholarly reputation in the Science 2.0 age. It specifically looks at the role that ‘emerging’ reputational mechanisms and platforms are playing in building, maintaining, and showcasing scholarly reputation in the digital age. Popular examples of such platforms are ResearchGate and Academia.edu. Data were obtained through one-to-one interviews and focus groups, supported by desk research.
The main findings were:
Academic publishing career paths – initial research and observations
- it is early days and uptake is light and patchy with platforms largely used for non-reputational purposes, such as sharing documentS
- most users were passive and did not fully engage with the social aspects of the platforms
- the reputational focus was very much on just one scholarly activity (research), on just two outputs of that activity (publications and conferences) and one measurement of that activity (citations), but there are the stirrings of change
- young researchers are set to profit most from the emerging platforms
Mark CARDEN, Mosaic Search & Selection Ltd
ABSTRACT. The job titles and career paths of people transitioning between academia and scholarly publishing, and of those who are progressing within their publishing careers, has been little studied and lacks accepted frameworks, ‘route-maps’, and taxonomies. Much of the work done to date provides merely a ‘snapshot’ of the current demographics of the publishing workforce at particular moment, and tends not to offer insight into pathways, trajectories, or momentum. This preliminary survey, involving around 150 scholarly publishers, reveals insights into job titles, progressions, and transitions, and exposes some of the reasons for transitions between academia and publishing. The analysis suggests that these transitions and career paths can be systematically studied and documented, for use both by individuals considering their own careers, and by planners and managers in academic institutions and scholarly publishing organizations. Globalization of national journals: investigating the growth of international authorship
Ali GAZNI, Islamic World Science Citation Center, Shiraz, Iran and Regional Information Center for Science and Technology, Shiraz, Iran
ABSTRACT. This study investigated changes in the internationality of national publishers’ journals for the period 1990–2013. The patterns of foreign and interregional authorship in papers and references of 4,199 journals from 3,529 publishers were analyzed. The results revealed that foreign authorship increased from 36% to 62% during the period, but interregional authorship only grew from 77% to 82%. The growth in internationality is not the same across disciplines and regions of the world. Agricultural sciences, psychiatry/psychology, and economics and business have the least number of foreign authors, while journals in space science, mathematics, and physics have the most. According to the number of both foreign-authored papers and foreign-authored citations, clinical medicine is one of the least international fields. Latin America and Middle East publishers have a greater tendency to publish papers from authors in their countries. In contrast, national publishers in North America have become considerably more international over time. Russia, China, and Brazil publish the least number of foreign authored-papers in their journals, while Switzerland’s journals publish the most.
Understanding end-users in academic book publishing
Francis DODDS, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing
ABSTRACT. This article reviews ways that commissioning editors in academic book publishing can better understand the end-users of their products. It discusses available market resources, reports, and market research undertaken by other publishing companies and consultants, before going on to look at some of the existing internal sources that commissioning editors can draw on. It considers both qualitative and quantitative ways of testing and developing a commissioning editor’s understanding of end-users to improve market reach and customer satisfaction. The article concludes with a case study illustrating how one publisher used research on endusers to improve its products and be more successful in the market.
The ethical issues in instructions for authors of Chinese biomedical journals
Yang WU and Qiang ZOU, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
ABSTRACT. 229 Chinese-language biomedical journals from A Guide to The Core Journals of China were investigated for their guidance on 14 ethical issues. The issues of authorship, duplicate submission, privacy and confidentiality, and integrity of the data were mentioned in more than 50% of the journals. Except for the issues of authorship and protection of animals in research, significant differences were found between Chinese Medical Association Publishing House (CMAPH) journals (n = 67) and non-CMAPH journals (n = 162) (P < 0.05). 66 of the 229 journals did not update their instructions for authors regularly. 196 journal instructions listed authorship criteria, while the other 33 did not. Clinical trial registration policy was required by 26 (11.3%) journals, among which the CONSORT statement for randomized trials was required by 23, and only one journal guided the authors to work in line with the EQUATOR Network. The study concludes that the situation of publishing ethics in the instructions for authors of Chinese biomedical journals is not favorable, and that Chinese biomedical editors should learn more about publishing ethics in order to reduce opportunities for publication problems.
Figuring on fair use
Kevin L. SMITH, Duke University Libraries, Durham, NC, USA
How does US copyright law, and especially the doctrine of fair use, impact reusing figures drawn from a previous publication? Does it help if we redraw those figures in an attempt to evade copyright restrictions?
Fair dealing: a concept in UK copyright law
Lynette OWEN, Copyright & Rights Consultant
Fair dealing is a concept which provides certain exceptions to UK copyright law; it permits the use of copyright material in certain circumstances without permission from, or payment to, the copyright owner.