Learned Publishing Volume 27 No 1 January 2014 ISSN 0953-1513, Online ISSN: 1741-4857
Editorial: The first scientific journal
pp002 [free access]
Public relations practices at medical journals
Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
ABSTRACT. Many publishers of medical journals actively court coverage by the news media. However, the extent and effect of these practices are poorly understood. After reviewing prior literature regarding the impact of news coverage on the citation rate of journal articles, this paper seeks to measure the extent to which medical journals with clinical signiﬁcance use public relations practices to encourage news coverage of their articles, and the success that those practices had in increasing coverage by newspapers. Editors of 120 medical journals published worldwide with clinical relevance were surveyed; the response rate was 54%. Eighty per cent of respondents reported that their journal offered journalists at least one of press releases, access to full-text articles, or press conferences. Editors whose journals used the practices in conjunction with an embargo reported higher-quality news coverage than editors of journals that did not, but editors and journalists held differing views about the justiﬁcations for the speciﬁc practice known as an embargo.
Scholarly journals at the periphery: the case of Croatia
Ivana HEBRANG GRGIĆ
University of Zagreb
ABSTRACT. This paper analyses 231 Croatian journals available on the national online platform, the Hrčak portal. To qualify for analysis journals had to be peer reviewed and to have published at least one issue in 2012. Some differences from the results of previous studies were noted. More journals are internationally oriented and the number of times they are accessed apparently depends on their scientiﬁc ﬁeld. Publishers are still mostly not-for-proﬁt but are more likely now to apply article processing/publication charges. This is new for Croatia and raises questions about the potential inﬂuence of this trend on the availability and visibility of scientiﬁc results. The results are relevant not only to Croatia but may also be representative of other countries at the ‘periphery’.
Green and Gold open access in India
Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur, Chattisgarh, India
ABSTRACT. This paper examines the characteristics of 462 open access (OA) journals being published in India under the green, gold and hybrid models. The sample of journals was selected from DOAJ, IndianJournal.com and Open J-Gate. Journal characteristics were measured in terms of growth, subjects, publishers, and citations under each model. While characteristics such as growth, subject, and publisher have been identiﬁed by exploring the journal’s website only, the citation count of these journals has been calculated by using Google Scholar and the Indian Citation Index. The gold road is now the most popular form of OA publishing in the subcontinent. There is a great variation in the size of OA journals and in their publishers. One publisher has more than 77 journals, but 264 publishers publish a single journal only. Overall, the OA journal landscape is greatly inﬂuenced by a few key publishers and journals. While 43% of journals charge publication fees and the fees vary from as low as US$10 to as high as US$400, the highest impact factor of the gold OA journals has been noted as 0.58. The data presented here suggest that publication fees are not a major barrier to authorship within the ﬁelds of computer science, pharmacy, and medicine.
Defining and responding to plagiarism
ABSTRACT. A clear deﬁnition of plagiarism and the ability to classify it into more or less serious forms would help editors and publishers to devise policies to handle this problem. Text-matching software is a useful tool for measuring the extent of text copying but it cannot detect plagiarized tables or ﬁgures, plagiarism of ideas, or plagiarism in translation. Furthermore, a working deﬁnition of plagiarism in relation to research reports needs to take into account factors such as the originality of the copied material, its position in the report, the adequacy of referencing, and the intention of the authors as well as the extent of the copying. This article considers all these factors and proposes possible deﬁnitions of major and minor plagiarism in relation to scholarly publications which might be used as the basis for anti-plagiarism policies in conjunction with resources such as the COPE ﬂowcharts.
High-impact papers from China, Japan, India, and Korea
FANG Hongling and CHANG Hai-Min
Xinxiang Medical University, People's Republic of China
ABSTRACT. This paper compares ‘high-impact’ papers from China, Japan, India and Korea in 2012, together with papers from these countries in Cell, Nature, and Science (CNS) from 2010 to 2012. China leads on ‘highly cited’ and ‘hot’ papers in 2012, while Japan has the highest number in CNS (653), followed by China (471), Korea (131) and India (83). Although China published more high-impact papers in 2012, papers published in CNS were at a relatively low level, which appears to show that while some of the research in China is at a relatively high level, this is not entirely reﬂected in the number of papers in these ‘elite’ journals.
Point of view
Learned Publishing: who still has time to read?
Philippe C. BAVEYE
Rensselaer Polytechnic University, and Abertay University
© Philippe C. Baveye 2014
Acceptance rates in Physical Review Letters: no season bias
Physical Review Letters
Ibero-American journals in Scopus and Web of Science
Rosângela Schwarz RODRIGUES
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil
Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
ABSTRACT. In this paper we map the scientiﬁc journals from Ibero-American countries indexed in the Web of Science and Scopus. Data were collected from the journals’ websites. Of 879 journals in the two databases, Spain accounted for 35.6% of the titles, Brazil 28.5%, and the remaining 11 countries together 35.9%. Medicine had the most titles in almost all countries, with 28.9% of the total, followed by agricultural and biological sciences (particularly in Brazil) with 14.9%, and social sciences with 11.5%. A digital format was used by 95% of the journals and 82% were open access, with an even higher level of open access in Latin America. The publishers were mainly universities (37.7%) and associations (31.1%). Ibero-American countries, with the exception of Spain, do not have a long tradition as scientiﬁc journal publishers, but in the last few years they have gained in importance as players in scientiﬁ c communication with the use of new business models for journals.
International journal editors and East Asian authors: two surveys
ABSTRACT. Countries in East Asia – speciﬁcally China, Japan, and South Korea – are rapidly emerging as major contributors to global research output. However, owing to barriers in language and culture, it is possible that authors from these countries face unique challenges in getting published. Moreover, as submissions from these countries increase, journal editors may be able to spot some trends in the problems encountered when processing these submissions. This study presents the results of two surveys – one involving non-native English-speaking authors from East Asia and another involving international journal editors. The surveys were designed to throw light on the challenges East Asian authors face in the publication process and the perceptions journal editors have of submissions from East Asian countries. Here, we present and discuss the survey results, highlight gaps in the perspectives of authors and journal editors, and make recommendations to bridge these gaps.
pp076 [free access]