Publishing Research & Industry Information

There is considerable research undertaken about the publishing business, and in particular to investigate the impact of changes brought about by digitization of information within the scholarly environment. This page provides links to general information about publishing in the scholarly environment, and research undertaken in our field.

Except for links to ALPSP resources on this website, the links below are to external websites and will open a new window in the browser.

ALPSP Guidelines

Open Access Resource Center

A joint project of ALPSP and the Copyright Clearance Center, this site provides valuable information about OA including trusted resources, news and updates.

ALPSP Publications (Inc. guidelines - reports - statements - research & articles)


The ALPSP monthly email newsletter containing a summary of news items. Available to ALPSP members only.

Author-perceived Quality Characteristics of STM Journals (2008)

Report from ALPSP. Download free for ALPSP members. Purchase available for non-members.

China and its Impact on Publishing Developments (2007)

White paper produced by the ALPSP Future Watch Committee. Free for ALPSP members to download.

How is scholarly communication changing as a result of the Web? (2006)

The white paper comprising analysis following presentations and materials discussed at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington DC on 7 June 2006. Free for ALPSP members to download.

Long-Term Preservation

2008 survey investigating preservation strategies amongst ALPSP Publisher Members. Commissioned from Sarah Durrant of Red Sage Consulting, with co-funding from Portico and ALPSP. Available as a free to download PDF.

Scholarly Book Publishing Practice: First Survey (2009)

This is the first ALPSP survey undertaken to establish current practices in scholarly book and e-book publishing, to provide detailed analysis and statistics in this rapidly changing market. Free for ALPSP members to download.

Scholarly Journals Publishing Practice. Academic journal publishers' policies and practices in online publishing. Fourth survey 2013.

This international survey, the fourth in this research series from ALPSP, was undertaken to establish current scholarly publishing practices and assess changes in practice and policy across the industry. More than 300 publishers took part, including more than 180 small publishers. Free to download for members.

Survey of Librarians on Factors in Journal Cancellation (2006)

Study commissioned by ALPSP to ascertain what are the major factors contributing to journal cancellations.

Survey of Librarians: Responding to the credit crunch - what now for librarians and libraries?

2009 paper presenting results of a survey undertaken during 2009. Free for ALPSP members to download.

Articles & Reports

2013 report of OA business models (Outsell)

This report from the market analysts, Outsell, provides a financial and business snapshot of OA within the publishing environment. The report focuses on Gold OA.

Access to Research and Technical Information in Denmark (Houghton, 2011)

A report published for The Danish Ministry for Research & Innovation undertaken by John Houghton and Key Perspectives on access to scientific and technical information by innovative Small and Medium Enterprises in Denmark.

Access to Scholarly Content: Gaps and barriers (2011)

Scholarly Content: Gaps and Barriers reports on a CIBER research project with funding from Research Information Network, JISC and the Publishing Research Consortium. The report looked at access to information throughout the UK scholarly environment. The survey received responses from over 2500 individuals who were selected from UK authors (as identified in the Scopus database) and a selection of users from Elsevier.

Access to UK research outputs: a UK success story

This 2010 presentation from the Publishers Association, STM and ALPSP describes the journal publishing industry growing in response to increased research and development activities. Although library funding is being outpaced by R&D outputs, UK universities currently enjoy access to more titles and pay less per title accessed than in 2004. The data have been derived from several industry reports.

Activities, costs and funding flows in scholarly communications (RIN report, 2008)

This report looks at the current costs of producing, publishing and reading research and examines the impacts of different publishing models including author-pays, and e-only. This report is the result of research from The Research Information Network in partnership with the Publishing Research Consortium (PRC), the Society of College, National and University Libraries (SCONUL), and Research Libraries UK (RLUK).

Allen Press 2013 journal prices review

A review of 2013 journal prices and library purchasing trends issued in October 2013. It reports that prices increased by 5% (lower than previous years).

Author insights report (2014)

Nature Publishing Group (NPG) and Palgrave Macmillan have released their survey data of 30,466 researchers. The survey looked at motivations for submission and choice of journals, and OA publishing activities. 

Current Models of Digital Scholarly Communication (2009)

A report published by Ithaka on behalf of the Association of Research Libraries, investigates the types of online resources valued by scholars, especially those that push the boundaries of traditional formats and are considered innovative.

EBSCO price projections 2014

In October 2013 EBSCO released its projected price changes for 2014. This is based on a survey of publishers, an estimates average price rises between 6-8% (excluding currency fluctuations).

Economic Implications of Alternative Scholarly Publishing Models (Houghton, 2009)


Report from JISC on the costs and benefits of different research communication methods and the total cost of research communication within the UK. The report was authored by Houghton, who has produced similar reports in other regions – see below/above. ALPSP, The Publishers Association and the STM Association issued a joint statement on the report criticising some of its methodology and findings - see

E-journals: their use, value and impact - final report (RIN report, 2011)

This two-part report on research conducted by CIBER and published by the Research Information Network looks at how UK researchers use electronic journals, the value they bring to universities and research institutions, and the contribution they make to research productivity, quality and outcomes.

Electronic journals and changes in scholarly article seeking and reading patterns (2008)

An article by Tenopir and King published in DLib, November 2008, confirms earlier reports that the number of articles being cited is reducing, although the articles that are being cited, are being cited more.

EU Study on the Economic and Technical Evolution of the Scientific Publication Markets in Europe (2006)

Report commissioned by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Research to assess the evolution of the market for scientific publishing. It discusses the potential desirability of Europe-wide measures to help improve the conditions governing access to and the exchange, dissemination and archiving of scientific publications. To follow this debate and the issues raised, see the website. 122

Future of Publishing: 2013 viewpoint from Nature

Special issue from Nature (freely available) looking into the future of publishing,  it evaluates the size and economy of the current environment and the effect of OA on the business of publishing. 

Global Fixed Book Price Report: May 2014

The International Publishers Association report on fixed book pricing provides its history, arguments for and against, and a listing of countries that still enforce it.

Global Research Reports from Thomson Reuters

Intermittent reports using citation data to report on research in selected countries or regions. The reports use data from Web of Knowledge to track research and publication trends in different regions, e.g. UK, far east, middle east, USA, BRIC countries.

International Comparative Performance of the UK Research Base – 2013

This report from Elsevier was produced on behalf of the UK’s Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS). The report compares output from the UK compared to seven other research-intensive countries (Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the US), as well as Brazil, India and Russia.

Intersections of Scholarly Communication and Information Literacy: Creating Strategic Collaborations for a Changing Academic Environment., 2013

A paper from the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL).

Ithaka reports into libraries and college information habits

Various reports produced by this research group including surveys of academic practices and behaviours,  strategies for managing digital resources, online learning practices, etc. 

Journal Usage Half- Life (2013)

This study, published by the Association of American Publishers and written by Phil Davis, studied the usage patterns of over 2800 journals, and found that only 3% of the journals had half-lives of 12 months or less.

Library Resource Guide: Library budgets 2014

This annual report is based on a survey that received 796 responses from US-based librarians from a range of libraries including public, academic and government.

Open Access Strategies in the European Research Area (2013)

This report was prepared as part of a study on open access conducted for the European Commission's Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. 

Open Data Access Policies and Strategies in the European Research Area and Beyond (2013)

This report was prepared as part of a study on open access conducted for the European Commission's Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. 

Periodical price survey report, 2013

Article from The Library Journal reporting serials pricing in 2013. It reports that pricesrose at the same rate as 2012: approximately 6%.

Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits (Houghton, 2006)

Economic analysis of scholarly communication produced by John Houghton, et al., arguing for the cost-effectiveness of open access.

Research trends in developing countries (Elsevier report, 2013)

This report, published with the online newsletter, Research Trends, looks at research growth in the developing world and shows that contribution has increased from only 15% of articles in 1996 to 40% in 2011 - mostly driven by the Asian countries. 

RIN report: Heading for the open road (2011)

The Research Information Network (RIN), Research Libraries UK (RLUK), the Wellcome Trust, the Publishing Research Consortium (PRC) and the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) jointly published this reports. It investigates the drivers, costs and benefits of potential ways to increase access to scholarly journals. The report considers Green and Gold open access, delayed OA and extending licences to Higher Education Institutions and the National Health Service (NHS). Of these routes, it concludes that Gold OA is the best methodology in the long run as it provides a sustainable model for providing access to research.

Royal Society report: Knowledge, networks and Nations (2011)

The report looks at global expenditure on R&D and the related publishing output, acknowledging the limitations of using indexes which do not include all journals - particularly many smaller national publications.  It uses publishing information derived from Scopus and interviews with key individuals to plot the changes to scientific research and track global input into the scientific literature.

SCONUL Statistical Reporting Tool

Annually updated university library statistics going back 12 years - available to purchase, or free to contributors only.

STM report on Scholarly publishing: 2013

Following the 2009 report, this describes the current publishing environment, provides employment and business statistics and suggests changes to expect in the near future. 

The digital information seeker: Findings from selected OCLC, RIN and JISC user behaviour projects (2010)

JISC report that compares and summarises the findings from 12 separate reports on user behaviour produced in the last decade. They include reports produced by organisations such as OCLC, RIN, CIBER and themselves. From the various reports JISC concludes that although users are confident in their own ability to identify and evaluate information there is no great improvement in information literacy. Therefore, if users are to find high quality and relevant information there is a greater need for high quality metadata and other descriptors.

The Proportion of Open Access Peer- Reviewed Papers at the European and World Levels – 2004-2011 (published 2013)

This report was prepared as part of a study on open access conducted for the European Commission's Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. 

Trends in authorship: 2014 report

Analysis in the Septemer 2014 issue of Research Trends using Scopus shows that the increase in articles since 2003 has been vastly exceeded by the growth in the number of authors.

Trust and Authority in Scholarly Communications in the Light of the Digital Transition, 2014

CIBER issued this report following an investigation by Carol Tenopir and David Nicholas into how researchers evaluate and decide what scholarly communications to trust. The report provides a wealth of information into value perception of researchers and their use of scholarly information.

UK Publishing Labour Market Intelligence Profile (2011)

Skillset, the UK the industry body that supports skills and training, has published this report that provides an overview of the size and shape of an industry that includes books, databases and directories, journals, magazines and business media, news agency and newspaper publishing - an industry that makes sales of over £22billion each year.

Wellcome Trust Reports: Costs and Business Models in Scientific Research Publishing (2004)

In response to discussions about the viability of open access publishing, the Trust commissioned this follow up report to assess the actual costs of publishing scientific, technical and medical research in peer-reviewed journals. It compares the costs between the 'subscriber-pays' model, where publishing services are free to authors and the article is published in a journal available via subscription, and an 'author-pays' model where the author (or their funder or institution) pays for the publishing services but where the final paper is published in an open access journal, available for free via the internet to all who wish to use it.

Wellcome Trust Reports: Economic Analysis of Scientific Research Publishing (2003)

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of an industry that generates some £22 billion annually. The findings of this report contributed to the Wellcome Trust position statement in support of open access publishing.


(At least) 82 things publishers do

Updated blog posting from The Scholarly Kitchen.

Digital Koans (Charles Bailey)

Charles Bailey news feed, available as blog entries, and increasingly sent via his twitter account.


Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data (2013)

Issued by CODATA and the Board on Research Data and Information (BRDI) this paper discusses the current state of data citation policies and practices and includes a set of guiding principles.

Publishing occupational standards, 2012

Skillset, the UK government body supporting the creative industries, has revised the Book and Journal Publishing National Occupational Standards. They include a definition of the skills qualifications and experience that are needed to work in publishing. The guides have been provided to help individuals plan their career and to help companies develop their job descriptions and plan staff development.


Against the Grain

Blog and newsfeed on scholarly publishing - almost daily updates.


The ALPSP monthly email newsletter containing a summary of news items. Available to ALPSP members only.

Knowledgespeak newsletter

Daily online news service for STM publishers. (You can subscribe to an email alert.)

Outsell industry headlines

Daily headlines of news in the media industries (including scholarly publishing) - you can also sign up to receive these by email.



A company providing alternative usage metrics for publications using blogs and social media in addition to downloads.  (Note that the term "altmetrics" is also a generic description of social media and other markers indicating usage and impact.) See also the article about article metrics from PLOS ONE, when they were first implemented in 2009:

Association of American Publishers: resources

Website of the US publishing association with links, information and statistics about the US publishing industry. See also the section for the Professional/Scholarly publishers.

Creative Skillset - the UK industry body supporting publishing skills and training

Skillset support training for the publishing industry and also provide statistics about the industry.

A journal ranking system devised in 2006 by the Bergstrom lab. Using ISI data, it provides a ranking for journals based on reference citation, journal price and describes itself as "ranking journals in the same way as Google ranks websites".

EU VAT portal, 2014


To help navigate the changes to VAT in Europe, the European Commission has launched a VAT portal providing information for anyone in the media dealing with electronic services.

Journal Cost-Effectiveness 2011

This search engine from Ted Bergstrom and Preston McAfee can be used to find internationally-published journals and rank them by price per article or citation.

JournalM3trics: Scopus, SNIP and SJR

Based on the Scopus database this site provides two sets of new metrics which weigh citation counts against what is normally expected and the quality of the publication in which the citation is made.

Links and Trends in Publishing (Mary Waltham)

Links to content that is of interest to publishers, including library budgets, copyright e-publications, online education and search engines. It is updated regularly.

Open Access Resource Center

A joint project of ALPSP and the Copyright Clearance Center, this site provides valuable information about OA including trusted resources, news and updates.

Open Access Resource Center

A joint project of ALPSP and the Copyright Clearance Center, this site provides valuable information about OA including trusted resources, news and updates.

ORCID - Open Researcher Contributor Identification Initiative

Launched in 2012, this initiative (led by Thomson and the Nature Group), this project provides a system for assigning unique IDs to authors so that their works can be easily tracked.

PA Global Publishing Information

Database of publishing market reports from the Publishers Association. The reports provide information about publishing markets and covers over 40 countries. (Free to ALPSP publisher members.)

Public Libraries access initiative (UK)

The Access to Research service is an initiative to provide free, walk-in access to a wide range of academic articles and research in public libraries across the UK. It was launched in January 2014.

Research Information Network

RIN conducts research and provides guidance on information strategies and practices for the UK research community.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014

Section 5 of the US biannual report looks at publishing trends up to the end of 2011. Using Thomson Reuter databases it provides  data on research and research publications. Although the report focuses on Science and Engineering, this chapter includes data from both the Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). The report is published biannually.

SCImago - journal ranking service

The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a portal that derives citation information from the journals contained in the Scopus database (Elsevier). They then provide citation data, similar to that provided by the ISI and ISSI indexes. The site is free-access.

UK VAT portal, 2014

To help with the VAT rules introduced in 2015, the UK the government has launched the VAT Mini One Stop Shop  (MOSS) that allows users to submit a single calendar quarterly return and VAT payment to the HMRC. The HMRC will then send the required information and payment to the relevant member state’s tax authority.

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