Archiving and Preservation

Concern about the long-term preservation of content in the digital age has remained an issue although several solutions have been put in place. Libraries still take the lead in this field but publishers are becoming increasingly involved in the methodology for ensuring that content remains accessible. There are also issues over legal deposit of digital content and websites in several countries.

See also the Hot Topics Digitisation section.

ALPSP Publications (Inc. guidelines - reports - statements - research & articles)

Long-Term Preservation

2008 survey investigating preservation strategies amongst ALPSP Publisher Members. Commissioned from Sarah Durrant of Red Sage Consulting, with co-funding from Portico and ALPSP. Available as a free to download PDF.

Articles & Reports

Comparative Study of e-Journal Archiving Solutions

2008 report from JISC on archiving, looking at the roles of publishers, librarians and the British Library.

DCC: Web Archiving report 2010

The Digital Curation Centre report provides a snapshot of the state of the art of Web archiving in early 2010, noting areas of contemporaneous research and development.

Deposit of Digital Materials in the Netherlands

Still relevant article by Erik Oltmans, published in Liber Quarterly, 2003, reviewing the instigation of digital deposit at Koninklijke Bibliotheek - including their agreements with publishers.

International Study on the Impact of Copyright Law on Digital Preservation (2008)

The report discusses how the laws of the UK, USA, Netherlands and Australia, impact on digital preservation. It finds that in many cases exceptions and limitations do not accommodate the actions required for digital preservation. The report was supported by the Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), the Open Access to Knowledge (OAK) Law Project, and the SURF Foundation.

JISC report: Keeping Research Data Safe (2009)

Report from a two-phase study investigating the costs and impacts of archiving data, particularly in higher education establishments. The study was conducted in 2008 and 2009-2010.


JISC guide to e-journal archiving solutions (2010)

A short report published by JISC to provide a guide to CLOCKSS, Portico and the UK LOCKSS Alliance.

Legal Deposit in the British Library - including digital deposit guidelines

Information about legal and voluntary deposit in the UK. This part of the British Library website presents information about current deposit legislation and good practice, plus information about new developments and initiatives. It provides wide-ranging information about legal and voluntary deposit in the UK.


Blue Ribbon Task Force on sustainable digital preservation and access

The Blue Ribbon Task force was convened in 2006 to investigate archiving problems and solutions. Their project culminated in a report produced in April 2010.

EU Digital Libraries Initiative

The Digital Libraries Initiative is a project of the European Commission and part of its overall strategy to boost the digital economy. It includes Europeana and focuses on two areas: cultural and scientific heritage.

InterPARES Project

Canadian-led project on the preservation of authentic records created and/or maintained in digital form. The project was initiated in 1999 and runs in three stages with Stage 3 completing in 2012. The initiative has now developed into the InterPARES Trust.


The 2-year project had been looking at the preservation of research output in Europe and proposing the next steps required to ensure improved data preservation and re-use. The project completed in June 2010.


Archives Hub

The Archives Hub provides a single point of access to descriptions of over 23,000 archives held in more than 180 UK repositories (libraries, archives, or special collections departments).


CLOCKSS (Controlled LOCKSS) is a not-for-profit, community-governed, distributed archive network. They had their first "trigger" event in early January 2008 when the Sage journal, Graft, was discontinued. (The same journal caused the first trigger event for PORTICO - a similar service - see the item below.)

Digital Curation Centre

The Digital Curation Centre (DCC) is a centre of expertise in digital information curation with a focus on building capacity, capability and skills for research data management across the UK's higher education research community.

Digital Preservation Coalition

The Digital Preservation Coalition is a not-for-profit member association whose objective is to raise awareness of the importance of preserving digital information.

Internet Archive

Searchable archive of web pages. (However, its coverage is patchy, and it does not include content behind toll access.)

Koninklijke Bibliotheek / National Library of the Netherlands: e-Depot

The KB has developed a digital information archiving system that is the technical heart of the 'e-Depot', and has archiving agreements with a number of publishers worldwide. (The website is in Dutch and English.)

Library of Congress digital preservation site

Website including guidelines, services and advice for digital preservation aimed at libraries around the USA.

PANDORA, Australia's Web Archive

PANDORA, Australia's Web Archive, is a growing collection of Australian online publications, established initially by the National Library of Australia in 1996, and now built in collaboration with other Australian libraries and cultural collecting organisations.


A service that works with publishers to store their files in a standardised archival format so that in the event of the publisher being unable to supply publications to authorised users (via libraries), Portico can ensure continued access to content. PORTICO had their first "trigger" event in late 2007 when the journal Graft from Sage was no longer supported (it also caused the first trigger event also for CLOCKSS - see the item above).

re3data index of data repositories is a global registry of research data repositories that covers research data repositories from different academic disciplines. It presents repositories for the permanent storage and access of data sets to researchers, funding bodies, publishers and scholarly institutions.

UK Web Archive

The UK Web Archive is a corpus of websites selected by leading UK institutions for their historical, social and cultural significance in the UK, for the benefit of researchers. It is maintained by the British Library.